We have been resolutely focused on significantly reducing emissions and aggressively combating climate change while growing our economy in a sustainable way. I encourage you to take a look at some of the policies, programs, and investments we’ve made and developed so far. This document serves as a good start into a look at some of what’s happened since 2015.Since being elected in 2015, as a government, we have been committed to climate action. One of the first steps our government took was facilitating the Vancouver Declaration on Clean Growth and Climate Change. When First Ministers from across Canada met in Vancouver in 2016, there was an agreement to take a collaborative approach to immediately reduce Green House Gas (GHG) emissions and focus heavily on sustainable economic growth. Out of that summit came the Pan Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change. This comprehensive framework and its guiding principles have defined our government’s policies over the past two and a half years.
Setting ambitious GHG emission reductions targets and developing a clear plan to achieve them is a key part of our plan to take on climate change.Our ambitious 2030 targets are to reduce our carbon output to a point of 30% below 2005 levels. In 2015, annual emissions were climbing quickly and Canada produced 815 megatonnes of emissions that year – by 2030, we will drop to 523 megatonnes.
- How are we doing this?
- Reductions as a result of regulations introduced in November 2016 (Hydrofluorocarbons, heavy duty vehicles, targeted decrease in methane emissions by 40-45% by 2025)
- Reductions through changes of electricity use (targets to have 90 percent of Canada’s electricity coming from non-emitting sources by 2030) – we’ve accelerated the phase out of coal power, and with its removal by 2030, the equivalent will have been that of removing 1.3 million cars from the road
- Reductions from additional measures such as public transit and green infrastructure, technology and innovation, and stored carbon.
We’re putting a nationwide price on pollution:
We’re putting a price on pollution. A transparent national price on carbon allows individual consumers and businesses to price the rising cost of pollution into their everyday decision making. This provides a powerful economic incentive for individuals to invest in driving Canada towards a low carbon future. A family may purchase an electric vehicle sooner than they would have otherwise, and a business might invest in more energy efficient equipment for their factory. This will be a positive step forward in our fight against climate change.
An analysis done by Environment and Climate Change Canada shows that carbon pricing will make a significant contribution toward meeting Canada’s targets to reduce our carbon output. A price on carbon could cut carbon pollution across Canada by 80 to 90 million tonnes in 2022.
A small snapshot of what else has taken place so far:
- Emissions of heavy metals have all decreased by more than 85 percent since 1990.
- Industrial emissions in Canada continue to decline, largely due to decreasing emissions from the mining and smelting industry and coal-powered electric generation.
- Canada is currently finalizing national regulations to reduce emissions of air pollutants from the petroleum and petrochemical sectors—including oil-sands upgraders.
- oil and gas drilling ban, implemented in 2016, in the Arctic will ensure that the Arctic ecosystem is protected from future risk associated with offshore oil and gas activity
Moving Towards a Renewable Energy Future:
A large part of protecting our environment is taking the necessary steps to invest in renewable energy. Not only that, but it gives us the opportunity to establish ourselves as global leaders in one of the fastest growing industries in the world. We have made it our mission to actively invest in the growth of clean technology and renewable energy so that we can make immediate gains in moving towards a low carbon future. Plain and simple, here in Canada, we are making rapid advancements in renewable energy.
There are many companies in Canada that we are actively investing in to rapidly develop our cleantech and renewable energy sectors. Not only are they allowing us to move towards a green future, they are creating more innovative, good-paying jobs across Canada, especially here in Ontario.
Ontario has the largest share of clean tech companies in all of Canada, consisting of over 5,000 companies, employing approximately 130,000 individuals, and generating about $19.8 billion in annual revenues. We are supporting these companies through investments in their efforts which include improvements in waste management, creation of renewable energy sources, and greener solutions for the oil and gas industry.
Some of the specific investments include:
$2.2 billion, on a cash basis, to support clean technology research, development, demonstration and adoption – as well as to accelerate the growth of clean technology companies.
$1.4 billion in new financing through the Innovation and Skills Plan to support capital growth and project financing in the clean technology sector.
$700 million through the Business Development Bank of Canada (BDC) over the next five years to support the growth of Canada’s clean technology sector.
$200 million over four years for the Natural Resources, Agriculture, Fisheries and Oceans departments to invest in various stage clean technologies being developed by industry, academia and federal labs.
$400 million over five years to recapitalize the Sustainable Development Tech Fund to support clean tech projects across Canada.
$100 million per year from the Regional Development Agencies to support clean technology, representing a doubling of the existing annual aggregate support.
$82.5 million to support research, development, and demonstration of clean energy technologies with the greatest potential to reduce GHG emissions.
$50 million to invest in technologies that will reduce GHG emissions from the oil and gas sector.
$16 million to create 1,200 green jobs for Canadian Youth in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM).
- Examples of jobs for youth include:
- Designing and implementing wind energy systems
- Developing environmental guidelines
- Monitoring soil and vegetation as part of a land reclamation process
- Improving the understanding of potential impacts of oil, gas and forestry development in order to inform industrial planning.
- This year, 13 Canadian companies were ranked on the Global Cleantech 100 list. The recent Global Cleantech Innovation Index ranked Canada 4th globally as a clean-technology innovator–up from 7th place in 2014. We’re moving quickly, carving out a piece of this trillion dollar industry, and really taking the lead in renewable energy development.
Our government understands that protecting our oceans, coastlines, Great Lakes, species at risk, and ensuring the health and vitality of our marine habitats and ecosystems is a duty we all share. That is why we have taken steps over the last two years to make positive changes to ocean health and sustainability.
Below, you will find a list of some of the steps we’ve taken to protect our oceans, Great Lakes, marine ecosystems, and species at risk.
$1.5 billion Oceans Protection Plan
- Largest investment ever made to protect Canada’s coasts and waterway
- The plan has four main priorities:
- To create a marine safety system that improves responsible shipping, protects Canada’s waters, and strengthens response measures
- To restore and protect marine ecosystems and habitats
- To strengthen partnerships and launch co-management practices with Indigenous and coastal communities
- To invest in oil spill cleanup methods and research
- Some of the many elements of this plan include:
- State of the Art Marine Safety System which includes 24/7 spill response capacity
- $75 Million Coastal Restoration Fund
- Will support marine habitat restoration priorities and address threats to marine species located on Canada’s coasts and waterways
- $50 million Coastal Environmental Baseline Program
- This program will conduct a multi-year study of the highest activity ports in Canada to determine the impact of human activity
$1.3 billion over five years to support Canada’s biodiversity and protect species at risk
This investment will contribute $500 million from the federal government to create a new $1 billion Nature Fund in partnership with corporate, not-for-profit, provincial, territorial, and other partners. The remainder of the fund will:
- Increase the federal capacity to protect species at risk
- Expand national wildlife areas and migratory bird sanctuaries
- Increase the federal capacity to manage protected areas, including national parks
- Continue implementation of the Species at Risk Act by supporting assessment, listing, recovery planning and action planning activities
- Establish a coordinated network of conservation areas working with provincial, territorial, and Indigenous partners
Creation of new Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)
- Up from 1% only two years ago, we reached 5% protection of our coastlines in 2017. As of now, we have increased that number up to 7.75%, and we will reach our target of 10% by 2019. These MPAs have massive ecological benefits, including protecting spawning stocks and contributing to the restoration of species, habitat, and ecosystems. They also have social, economic, and cultural benefits that range from tourism, recreation, and protection for traditional use, as well as proliferation of fisheries resources and opportunities for scientific research.
Moratorium on Tanker Traffic on the North Coast of British Columbia
- This moratorium will prevent the transport of products in regions with limited spill response capability.
More than $197 million in ocean and freshwater science over the next five years
- This is allowing for the hiring of 135 scientists at the Department of Fisheries and Oceans.
$167.4 million over five years, starting in 2018-19 to research and better understand the factors affecting the health of endangered whales, as well as actions that we can take immediately to address the impacts of human activities
- $9.1 million in new science funding to develop and test technologies able to detect the presence of whales
- $3.1 million for four projects to study the impacts of underwater noise and reduced availability of prey on marine mammals including the Southern Resident Killer Whale.
Modernized Canada’s Fisheries Act
- The modernized Act will reverse all the harmful changes made under the previous government
- We will invest up to $284.2 million which will:
- Strengthen the creation of long-term marine refuges for biodiversity protection.
- Promote restoration of degraded habitat and rebuilding of depleted fish stocks.
- Allow for the better management of large and small projects impacting fish and fish habitat through a new permitting framework and codes of practice.
- Restore prohibitions against the harmful alteration, disruption or destruction of fish habitat (“HADD”) .
- Strengthen the role of Indigenous peoples in project reviews, monitoring and policy development, by ensuring a strong focus on Indigenous traditional knowledge.
- Increase transparency for projects with a public registry, and much more we are protecting Wild Salmon by acting immediately on the recommendations put forward by the Cohen Commission, and have so far satisfied 64 out of the 75.
Funding for Great Lakes protection
Toronto lives on the shores of Lake Ontario, of our Great Lakes. The Great Lakes contain almost 20% of the world’s surface freshwater, sustain 4,000 species of plants and animals, and provide drinking water for 1 in 4 Canadians.
- We have contributed $32,500,000 to the Cherry Street Lakefilling, part of the work for the $1.25 billion Port Lands Flood Protection project. This project will also improve water quality, optimize water and storm infrastructure, and create new naturalized open spaces and aquatic habitat. This project contributes to a healthier Lake Ontario by providing important ecological systems through the creation of new terrestrial and aquatic habitat connections. The naturalized connection of the mouth of the Don River to Lake Ontario is recognized as a key project that will contribute to the delisting of Toronto as an “Area of Concern” by Environment Canada and therefore contribute to the Remedial Action Plan objectives for water quality and habitat in Lake Ontario.
- Through the Great Lakes Protection Initiative we are addressing the most significant environment challenges affecting Great Lakes water quality and ecosystem health.
- In Budget 2017 $44.84 million was invested in the Great Lakes Protection Initiative, as part of the $70.5 million of new funding allocated for freshwater protection
- We are investing $8.7 million over five years as outlined in Budget 2017, an increase of 30% over the current contribution to the Great Lakes Fishery Commission for Sea Lamprey control. Sea Lamprey is an invasive fish that attacks and kills Great Lakes fish species such as trout, salmon, Sturgeon and Walleye.
Encouraging and Investing in Green Infrastructure Development:
Transforming our cities to be resilient and sustainable is a priority for our government and a necessary step in the fight against climate change. Our cities account for a large portion of our emissions—it is therefore our responsibility as a government to make it easier and more attractive to build infrastructure in a sustainable way, and to increase incentives to use renewable transportation.
A few of our efforts include:
$25 billion to upgrade our public transit systems
- This is taking place across the country. In Toronto we have invested $840 million to repair and rehabilitate the existing transit system and plan for future growth.
- We announced one of the largest bus purchase and rebuild projects for the City of Toronto, involving the purchase of 729 clean diesel buses, 254 second generation hybrid electric buses, and 60 battery electric buses. The Bus Rebuild component of this project involves rebuilding 695 total buses in the current TTC fleet.
- The Government of Canada and the City of Toronto have each contributed towards the expansion of 50 Bike Share Toronto stations.
- Our government is also investing more than $10 million for 15 other public transit projects in four communities across Ontario.
- Improving commutes and reducing air pollution by investing in the GO Transit Regional Express rail project in the Greater Golden Horseshoe Area, our government`s single largest transit project.
$21.9 billion over 11 years for investments in green infrastructure, including initiatives that will support the implementation of the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change
$9.2 billion in bilateral agreements-money will be provided to provinces and territories over the next 11 years, on a base plus per capita allocation basis, to support priority projects, including those that reduce greenhouse gas emissions, deliver clean water, safely manage wastewater, help communities prepare for challenges that result from climate change, and help build cleaner, better-connected electricity systems
$2.1 billion towards repairs, retrofits, and the modernization of a wide range of government buildings and to the greening of government operations
- Doing this was a priority for our government, we need to lead by example and set the standard for green buildings infrastructure in Canada
- All government operations will see emissions reductions of 40 percent by 2030 $2 billion over five years to develop a Low Carbon Economy Fund. This will help fund projects in Provinces and Territories that reduce carbon pollution. Ultimately, it will help the Provinces and Territories meet their carbon reduction targets. A few examples:
- BC has received $162 million to support projects including the reforestation of public forests which absorb carbon from the atmosphere and store it.
- Ontario has received $420 million to support projects such as renovating buildings, retrofitting houses, and helping farmers reduce emissions from their operations. The Government of Canada is investing up to $100 million, this funding will support the province of Ontario`s Green ON Rebates program, which helps cover the cost of eco-friendly retrofits across the province, and $145 million in federal funding to support Ontario`s new Greenhouse Gas Campus Retrofit Program
- Alberta has received almost $150 million to help Albertans, including farmers and ranchers, use less energy and save money. Alberta will work with Indigenous communities to install renewable energy solutions, and will also invest in restoring forests affected by wildfires.
$182 million to develop and implement new building codes to retrofit existing buildings and build new net-zero energy consumption buildings. When our buildings use less energy, people save more money. We’ve also extended tax support for businesses that upgrade to energy efficient equipment.
$120 million for electric vehicle charging and natural gas and hydrogen refuelling stations. Money is currently being used to build electric vehicle infrastructure that will link towns and cities with charging stations, so cars can drive across the country on clean power.
$75 million in new funding to the Federation of Canadian Municipalities to help local governments reduce emissions and build climate resiliency at the municipal-level $40 million over five years to integrate climate resilience into building design guides and codes.
The Green Municipal Fund:
- Program will provide funding for cities across Canada who take initiatives to develop green projects.
- Investment total of $72 million towards 48 projects across Canada that will reduce GHG emissions by over 310,000 tonnes of CO2 equivalent
- A few examples of the initiatives being supported by the fund include:
- A multi-material recycling centre in the Regional County Municipality (RCM) of Manicouagan in Quebec
- Electric vehicle charging stations for Canada’s largest net-zero energy neighbourhood in London, Ontario
- A waste-to-energy transformation system in Southern Alberta
- A pilot project developing and testing electric motorcycles for the police in Longueuil, Quebec
- And a feasibility study for a micro-sewer energy recovery system in Richmond, BC.
Working with Indigenous Communities on Green Initiatives:
Working alongside Indigenous Communities across Canada is important if we are going to truly combat climate change. Traditional Knowledge is vital to understanding climate impacts and adaptation measures, and is important for Indigenous infrastructure development. Some of the investments we’ve made, and initiatives we’ve taken on with Indigenous communities and leaders in regard to climate change include:
$2 billion over 11 years to support a broad range of infrastructure projects to meet the unique needs of rural and northern communities, with a huge focus on sustainability
- This includes the completion of 70 community infrastructure projects that provide 146 First Nation communities with more than 163,000 people new playgrounds, youth centre, and sports fields.
$1.6 billion in federal funding for Indigenous-led Wataynikaneyap Power to connect 16 First Nations to Ontario’s provincial power grid. Connecting diesel-dependent First Nations to Ontario’s power grid will provide these communities with clean, safe and reliable energy that will have a significant effect on the health and safety of community members and also expand infrastructure and economic development opportunities. This project will also reduce GHG emissions equivalent to taking 35,000 cars of the road. 64% of the diesel-dependent First Nations communities in Ontario will be off diesel dependency because of this project. Wataynikaneyap Power is a licenced transmission company, majority owned by 22 First Nation communities.
$1.8 billion over five years to quickly end the remaining long-term drinking water advisories on reserves, and $172 million in additional funding to support an accelerated pace of construction and renovations of affected water systems.
- Since Budget 2016 announcements, our government has invested in 349 water and wastewater projects in 275 communities across the country, which serves over 270,000 people.
- As of April 16, 2018, there remain 78 long term boil water advisories on public systems on reserve.
- Since November 2015, 58 such advisories have been lifted
- We are on track to meeting our March 2021 goal of lifting all long-term drinking water advisories on public systems on reserve.
$83 million to integrate Indigenous knowledge into community resilience and infrastructure planning $25 million over five years to launch a pilot Indigenous Guardians Program
$400 million in an Arctic Energy Fund to address energy security for communities north of the 60th parallel, including Indigenous communities.
$21.4 million over four years to support the deployment of renewable energy projects in Indigenous and northern communities that rely on diesel for electricity and heating
$18 million for climate change and health adaptation program for First Nation and Inuit communities